Dengue Fever: Symptoms, Treatment, and Prevention

Dengue, pronounced as “Dan-gee’, is spreading out in Nepal lately. More than 4000 people have already been confirmed with Dengue Fever. Since we are in a critical situation, we believe a little knowledge about this flu-like illness could prevent you from it. In this article, we will learn about Dengue Symptoms, Treatment, Prevention, and More.

The Dengue Fever

Dengue Fever is caused by four different viruses (DEN-1 to DEN-4) and spread by female Aedes mosquitoes. These mosquitoes can be recognized by white lyre-shaped markings on its legs. They’re also popular as the tiger mosquitoes because of their markings. The disease can differ from person to person. It can be mild with only fever or it can be severe with many life-threatening symptoms.

Macro of mosquito (Aedes aegypti) sucking blood close up on the human skin. Mosquito is carrier of Malaria; Encephalitis; Dengue and Zika virus

Aedes Mosquito. Image by Dhaka Tribune

Aedes Mosquitoes Breeding

The female Aedes mosquitoes can fly up to 400 meters for clear water or clear water-filled containers to lay eggs. It could be either container, bottle caps, flower pots, tires, or anywhere in clean, stagnant water that can be easily found in our homes and human surroundings.

How Dengue Fever Spreads?

Dengue fever does not spread from person to person. However, an infected person can contaminate mosquitoes and those infected mosquitoes can, later on, transmit the virus to other people.

SYMPTOMS

As mentioned earlier, the dengue fever symptoms can vary from mild fever to serious illness. However, the most common symptoms are:

  • High Fever
  • Intense Headache
  • Muscle and Joint Aches
  • Pain behind the eyes
  • Vomiting and Nausea
  • Body Rashes
  • Bleeding Gums
  • Fatigue

TREATMENT

There is no specific medicine or cure for Dengue Fever. One needs treatment according to his/her symptoms. For instance, stay hydrated and drink clean water, take painkillers like paracetamol for fever and to ease body pain, drink a lot of liquid, like healthy soup, and eat healthy food.

I suggest you consult with your doctor shortly if the symptoms match.

PREVENTION

Dengue Fever sure does not have a specific treatment, however, it is preventable. Here are some precautions you can take:

  • Mosquitoes that spread dengue bite during the day. Avoid infection by preventing mosquito bites.
  • Use Mosquito repellents like Odomos Mosquito Repellents
  • Proper Clothing
  • Proper Home Sanitization; keep your surroundings clean

The Dengue Fever outbreak has already entered our country and we now need to be really thoughtful about the issue. We need to prevent ourselves from this disease by keeping our environment clean and using insect repellents.

Younger children and people who have not had the infection before tend to have milder cases than adults. People with weak immune systems are at a greater risk of Dengue. Therefore, exert necessary preventions and stay safe from this illness.

 

Disclaimer: This information is not a substitute for professional medical advice. It is provided for educational purposes only.

Featured Image: iStockPhoto/puwa2827

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